The Project in a Nutshell
In this project, we bring novel insights to management studies by considering who are cosmopolitans and how does their life course emerge, how does cosmopolitan disposition affect entrepreneurial behaviour, how is a cosmopolitan identity constructed, and what is the relationship between language kills and a cosmopolitan disposition. This is also a study on international mobility, as cosmopolitan disposition has been identified as a significant driver for voluntary and possibly continuous emigration. In this phenomenon-driven study, embedded in the globalized, virtualised and multicultural environment in which cosmopolitans live today, we provide a contemporary perspective to the discussions on culture, international mobility, entrepreneurship and identity.
Follow our findings in this blog!
- Our latest: conceptualising cosmopolitanismThis week, Niina Nummela presented the COSMO-paper ‘Who is a cosmopolitan? Conceptualising the phenomenon in International Management’ (Nummela, Harikkala-Laihinen, Paavilainen-Mäntymäki & Raitis, 2022) at the 26th Biennial Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Örebro, Sweden, August 24-26, 2022. Cosmopolitan behaviour has gained more momentum in the recent decade due to increased mobility, shifts in the formsContinue reading “Our latest: conceptualising cosmopolitanism”
- COSMO receives prestigious Academy Project FundingThe Academy of Finland’s Research Council for Culture and Society granted nearly 24 million euros in funding for 44 new Academy Projects on May 24th. One of the funded projects was a joint consortium project investigating cosmopolitan life, identity and the future of work – COSMO. Led by Niina Nummela at the University of TurkuContinue reading “COSMO receives prestigious Academy Project Funding”
- Welcome to Finland?According to the Finnish National Agency for Education, the employed labour force will decrease significantly by 2035, and the younger age classes will not be able to cover all job openings (https://www.oph.fi/fi/tilastot-ja-julkaisut/julkaisut/koulutus-ja-tyovoiman-kysynta-2035). Consequently, in the future, Finland needs more skilled and educated individuals, and globally mobile individuals would be in many ways an ideal groupContinue reading “Welcome to Finland?”
We are interested in what it means to be cosmopolitan, how does a person become cosmopolitan, and how is this reflected in their identity.
We are interested in how a cosmopolitan identity is visible in career choices and preferences, and how this may influences cosmoolitans’ working lives.
We are interested in how cosmopolitans maintain their relationships via distance, sometimes crossing both spatial and temporal boundaries.
Cosmopolitan or a citizen of the world is a badge of honour for some, while sometimes shamed by others as a form of international elitism. While some define cosmopolitans as “rootless” frequent flyers, in reality cosmopolitans can have multinational families and experience a great sense of responsibility and commitment to multiple local communities, cities, regions and nations. COSMO unveils a new cosmopolitan culture, independent of place and time, and thus provide a contemporary perspective to the discussions on culture, international mobility, entrepreneurship and identity.Melanie Hassett, UK
A cosmopolitan can have many homes, but home does not need to be a location, especially when families and friends are dispersed around the world.Maria Elo, DK
Recent publications and conference presentations
Nummela, N., Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E., Raitis, J. and Harikkala-Laihinen, R. (2021) Cosmopolitans as migrant entrepreneurs. In: Vershinina, N., Rodgers, P., Xheneti, M., Brzozowski, J. and Lassalle, P. (Eds.) Migration and Entrepreneurship, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Nummela, N., Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E., Harikkala-Laihinen, R. & Raitis, J. (2021) Cosmopolitans as migrant entrepreneurs. Presentation at the fourth Odense International Entrepreneurship Workshop, May 20-21, 2021.
Nummela, N., Harikkala-Laihinen, R., Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E. and Raitis, J. (2021, forthcoming) In-between worlds – Liminal experiences of Finnish-born cosmopolitans. AIB 2021 online conference, 26.–27.6.2021.
Nummela, N., Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E., Harikkala-Laihinen, R. and Raitis, J. (2020) When all doors close: Implications of COVID-19 for cosmopolitan entrepreneurs. International Small Business Journal, open access.
Nummela, N., Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E., Raitis, J. and Harikkala-Laihinen, R. (2019) Career paths in time and space. WORK2019 conference, Helsinki, Finland, 14.–16.8.2019.
Raitis, J., Harikkala-Laihinen, R., Nummela, N. and Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E. (2019) The cosmopolitan future of identity: The changing nature of space and time. 20th Futures Conference: Constructing Social Futures, Turku, Finland, 12.–13.6.2019.
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